Buying new shoes is always fun. Remember as a child you were bought new shoes and just had to leave the store wearing them? As it is impossible to avoid any inherited foot problems, care should be taken not to promote any condition which may be likely to occur later. It is extremely important to learn how to care for your feet at a young age. Therefore, you should teach your children the importance of wearing shoes which are stylish as well as comfortable. Since the latest fashion trends will sometimes see them wearing shoes which may cause damage, correct sizing by a professional is very important. Podiatry can also be called as branch of allied health which is devoted to diagnosis, the prevention and the medical treatment of every disorder of ankle, foot and lower region. These podiatrists are trained to identify these conditions along with treating its biomechanical issues which has led to the injury or have caused decrease in performance. They specialize in every kind of foot related problems which also includes injuries to muscles, joint, ligaments and tendon. They also look after the skin and nail issues like callus, blisters, fungal infections, ingrown toe nails and every systemic disease which manifest itself in the foot like the neurological and diabetes conditions. Heel pain is also often related to fashionable shoes. Believe it or not, both high heels and really low heels can cause this problem. Ballet style shoes and flimsy sandals have no support and almost no heel. This can lead to excess tension on a big ligament on the bottom of the foot called the plantar fascia. As you walk around in these shoes, the ligament tugs away, irritating the heel bone where this ligament attaches. This leads to a common form of heel pain called plantar facscitis. This is by far the most common cause of pain in the bottom of the heel in women. Arthritis in the big toe joint can be hereditary but also due to structural abnormalities of the foot. Most patients notice a gradual enlargement of the big toe joint with bumps on the top and side of the joint. However, many times it’s only with increased exercise or activity levels that they may notice increased pain, achiness and sometimes swelling of the joint. If the condition continues to progress, causing pain and decreased function, despite the conservative treatment, surgery is then recommended. The severity of the condition at that time will determine which surgical procedure to do. Meanwhile, the other bone related to this condition, which creates a need for bunion splints, is the big toe, which is dislocated in the direction of the other four toes. The displacement can happen either over or under the second toe. Bone inside the forefront begins to stick out. In some instances, skin atop this projection can result in a callus. Fortunately, a bunion splint is available to relieve the pain that bunions cause. Wearing this tool and making some basic changes to your shoes, can help to treat these lumps and prevent them from occurring in the future. You can easily find these splints on the Internet. Presence of Pain? Pain and discomfort is the most common reason to seek treatment. Pain directly on the bunion is a symptom of direct shoe pressure. Joint pain suggests arthritic degeneration. Pain on the ball of the foot is concerning for altered foot biomechanics and a sign of a bigger problem. Pain should not be ignored. Interference with Activity? Some people wait until a bunion interferes with activities before seeking medical treatment and I think this is a mistake. Impact activities (such as running, tennis) may be more challenging to perform. If left ignored, simple everyday walking may become problematic. You should take measures that keep you active and healthy. Stay healthy and fit in this fast pacing life is truly a big challenge, especially for working professionals. They should spend at least one hour daily in workout, jogging and other physical work to keep their health maintain. However, due to lack of time and late night working, it becomes difficult for them. If you are also one of them, then you are advised to look for an experienced fitness coach or personal trainer in your city. There was a new tube of this cream sitting in the bathroom, and my friend told me that, if I wanted it, I could take it as partial payment for helping him. Should the problem have progressed beyond the point where external help can realign the joint and prevent further damage, the podiatric professional may recommend surgery. Depending upon the severity of the problem, the procedure may be a simple bunionectomy (in which only the bony protrusion is removed), or it may be more involved, necessitating cutting the bone and realigning of the joint. Who can help me? The American College of Foot & Ankle Orthopedics & Medicine (ACFAOM) stands ready to help you find a podiatric physician in your area. Simply click on our foot-help-finder link to find the professional who can help determine the most effective treatment. Hallux rigidis affects the same joint on the big toe, however whilst aggravated by excess pressures on the joints, it is not directly caused by this. It is actually a form of osteoarthritis, and affects the joints and the cartilage, which becomes degraded over time. The toe becomes stiff and inflexible and can become swollen and painful. Due to the location and appearance, many people incorrectly diagnose the problem as a bunion. Toe pain causes can be varied, and diagnosis at home difficult. Whilst Big toe pain can usually be treated effectively and cheaply at home, an accurate diagnosis helps to ensure the most effective treatment is taken. The little toe exercise requires the smallest of movement but can be quite challenging. The exercise strengthens your feet and the muscles that run from the little toe up the side of your legs. These muscles are important for keeping your arches lifted and your ankles stable so your weight is evenly distributed on both sides of your feet. To do this exercise, stand up and curl all the toes of one foot off the floor. Touch the little toe only to the floor and then raise it back up again with the other toes. Do the desired number of reps and then repeat with your other foot.